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Peirce‘ s 2 intelligent topics by Haack

Peirce was ahead of time by integrating philosophy, engineering and applied sciences allready in the 19th century

SOURCE

https://www.academia.edu/39962740/From_the_Chain_to_the_Cable_Peirces_Theory_of_Inquiry_Through_his_Metaphors_2017_2020_?auto=download&campaign=weekly_digest

ABSTRACT

1 PHILOSOPHY SHOULD IMITATE THE SUCCESSFULL SCIENCES INSTEAD OF REFUTING THE SCEPTIC

it is far better that philosophy imitate the successful sciences:

… proceed[ing] only from tangible premisses that can be subject to careful scrutiny, and … trust[ing] rather to the multitude and variety of its arguments than to the conclusiveness of any one. Its reasoning should not form a chain which is no stronger than its weakest link, but a cable whose fibers may be ever so slender, provided they are sufficiently numerous and intimately connected… not emulating the external trappings of the sciences to show that their meaning-variance is inevitably and impediment to rationality (like Kuhn, Feyerabend, Rorty), but rather keep pace with their (sciences) meaning-variances.

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“Refuting the skeptic,” defining knowledge, articulating the difference between knowledge and mere true belief, and—since 1963, in response to the so-called “Gettier paradoxes” and their progeny—the difference between knowledge and even justified true belief – these are not questions that preoccupied Peirce…

2 LOGIC IS RATHER THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW VOCABULARY THAN A GOOD WAY OF OLD REASONING

“Logic,” here, should be understood broadly, as “theory of whatever is good in the way of reasoning.” Why so? In part, because, by Peirce’s lights, logic includes abduction and induction as well as deduction; but also in part because, by his lights, good reasoning is not restricted to formal, syntactically valid forms of inference. Rational methods of inquiry may well require something more: the development of new, and better, vocabulary – as Peirce puts it, now calling on a biological metaphor, the “growth of meaning.”

Peirce’s contribution to constructivism, Peirce’s rhetorical turn prospects for educational theory and research, Further reading3, Further reading4
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Lesson learned:

Potrebujeme

1. zhodnotiť minulú situáciu

2. a na jej základe dať nedokonalú predikciu (záväzok znášať riziko pokusu/omylu)

Nestačí dokonalý výklad minulosti

We need

1. to evaluate the past situation

2. give imperfect prediction from it (commitment to bear the risk of trial/error)

The perfect interpretation of the past is not enough

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I am writing for the parents and siblings of Jan and Martina, to feel that I am unconditionally on their side against the traitors, plagiarists and other murderers…

The collected papers of Charles Sanders Peirce

Teraz najčítanejšie

Ivan Baltay

Založili sme OZ ETRI. Inšpirujeme konštruktivistické učenie humanitných predmetov, pilotne dejepis 5-7, Viac na etri.sk